Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll; Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy
Prostate cancer is one of the the most common types of cancer in men, caused usually by mutations in the BRCA and HOXB13 genes. Although most prostate cancers start out as androgen dependent, after androgen deprivation therapy they might become androgen independent. Mutations in the ERG, PTEN and SPOP genes aid in activation of oncogenes and increase chance of metastasis. Brachytherapy or iodine seed therapy is a fairly new treatment technique being used to eliminate cancerous cells.
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