#### Event Title

#### Session Number

O915

#### Advisor(s)

Louis Kauffman, University of Illinois at Chicago

#### Location

B-206 Lecture Hall

#### Start Date

28-4-2016 8:25 AM

#### End Date

28-4-2016 8:50 AM

#### Disciplines

Mathematics

#### Abstract

It has been conjectured that quantum entanglement operators can be lifted to braiding operators by the way of the topological quantum field theory axioms set forth by Witten and Atiyah. Moreover, it can be readily shown that quantum link invariants need entanglement to construct topological invariants. Given these results and the already dense mathematical framework underlying topology and quantum field theory, we propose that, through the usage of quantum algebra and bracket models, we can identify a significant area of overlap where entangling R-matrix solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation can be used to construct invariants of knots and links. Such a connection illuminates the relationship between quantum and topological entanglement, and allows us to draw novel insights about properties of entangling gates, for example the question of what it is that allows some entangling R-matrices to generate topological invariants when others do not. In conclusion, by studying the boundary between topological and quantum entanglement we construct novel topological invariants that can have significant impact on the study of quantum computing and can help make progress towards the problem of representing the Artin braid group as unitary matrices.

The Entangling Properties of Knots and Links

B-206 Lecture Hall

It has been conjectured that quantum entanglement operators can be lifted to braiding operators by the way of the topological quantum field theory axioms set forth by Witten and Atiyah. Moreover, it can be readily shown that quantum link invariants need entanglement to construct topological invariants. Given these results and the already dense mathematical framework underlying topology and quantum field theory, we propose that, through the usage of quantum algebra and bracket models, we can identify a significant area of overlap where entangling R-matrix solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation can be used to construct invariants of knots and links. Such a connection illuminates the relationship between quantum and topological entanglement, and allows us to draw novel insights about properties of entangling gates, for example the question of what it is that allows some entangling R-matrices to generate topological invariants when others do not. In conclusion, by studying the boundary between topological and quantum entanglement we construct novel topological invariants that can have significant impact on the study of quantum computing and can help make progress towards the problem of representing the Artin braid group as unitary matrices.