#### Event Title

Implementation of the Bernstein–Vazirani Quantum Algorithm on the IBM Q Computers

#### Advisor(s)

Dr. Jens Koch, Northwestern University Abstract:

Daniel Weiss, Northwestern University Abstract:

Xinyuan You, Northwestern University Abstract:

#### Start Date

26-4-2019 11:05 AM

#### End Date

26-4-2019 11:20 AM

#### Abstract

The complexity of certain classical computer algorithms can be reduced by a quantum algorithm completing the same task. We examine the implementation of the Bernstein–Vazirani algorithm. It finds the hidden n-bit string s from the function fs(x)=sx that takes an n-bit input string x and outputs one bit, the dot product. This algorithm reduces the complexity from n queries for the best classical algorithm to just one. Though the quantum algorithm theoretically always gives the correct string, in practice, factors such as decoherence of the physical qubits due to external noise reduce the algorithm’s accuracy.

By implementing the algorithm on the IBM 5-qubit and 14-qubit quantum computers, we are able to analyze correlations between the accuracy of the results and the properties of the physical qubits used. Not all qubits are pairwise connected, nor do they have the same coherence times. Using Python to build the quantum circuits, we create several implementations of the circuit with different qubits. We establish that 1/T1, 1/T2, and gate errors are positively correlated with calculation errors. Consequently, we observe that the 14-qubit quantum computer, on average, is more prone to errors than the 5-qubit quantum computer.

Implementation of the Bernstein–Vazirani Quantum Algorithm on the IBM Q Computers

The complexity of certain classical computer algorithms can be reduced by a quantum algorithm completing the same task. We examine the implementation of the Bernstein–Vazirani algorithm. It finds the hidden n-bit string s from the function fs(x)=sx that takes an n-bit input string x and outputs one bit, the dot product. This algorithm reduces the complexity from n queries for the best classical algorithm to just one. Though the quantum algorithm theoretically always gives the correct string, in practice, factors such as decoherence of the physical qubits due to external noise reduce the algorithm’s accuracy.

By implementing the algorithm on the IBM 5-qubit and 14-qubit quantum computers, we are able to analyze correlations between the accuracy of the results and the properties of the physical qubits used. Not all qubits are pairwise connected, nor do they have the same coherence times. Using Python to build the quantum circuits, we create several implementations of the circuit with different qubits. We establish that 1/T1, 1/T2, and gate errors are positively correlated with calculation errors. Consequently, we observe that the 14-qubit quantum computer, on average, is more prone to errors than the 5-qubit quantum computer.