Event Title

Bastions: Siege Warfare from the 16th to the 18th Century

Session Number

Project ID: HIST 1

Advisor(s)

Dr. Lee Eysturlid; Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Discipline

History

Start Date

22-4-2020 8:30 AM

End Date

22-4-2020 8:45 AM

Abstract

The bastion fort was developed in Europe during the early modern period (the 16th-18th centuries). The advancements in artillery in the 15th century made castles obsolete. As such, most of Europe was defenseless. To counter this new artillery, the bastion fort was developed. They are made out of low, thick walls of dirt and stone with pentagonal fortifications called bastions used as hardpoints and artillery platforms. This style of warfare was used for a few centuries, before new technology paved the way for more advancements. We focused on the reasons behind the design, uses, and limitations of bastion fortress. To do this, we delved into the history of the bastion fort, examining historical sieges as well as the military engineer Marshal Vauban’s manuals on the construction of bastion forts. As a capstone to our project, we 3-D printed a bastion fort model for Dr. Eysturlid as an educational tool. We also prepared a basic game system that goes over the process of besieging a bastion fort to interactively display our information to the audience.

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Apr 22nd, 8:30 AM Apr 22nd, 8:45 AM

Bastions: Siege Warfare from the 16th to the 18th Century

The bastion fort was developed in Europe during the early modern period (the 16th-18th centuries). The advancements in artillery in the 15th century made castles obsolete. As such, most of Europe was defenseless. To counter this new artillery, the bastion fort was developed. They are made out of low, thick walls of dirt and stone with pentagonal fortifications called bastions used as hardpoints and artillery platforms. This style of warfare was used for a few centuries, before new technology paved the way for more advancements. We focused on the reasons behind the design, uses, and limitations of bastion fortress. To do this, we delved into the history of the bastion fort, examining historical sieges as well as the military engineer Marshal Vauban’s manuals on the construction of bastion forts. As a capstone to our project, we 3-D printed a bastion fort model for Dr. Eysturlid as an educational tool. We also prepared a basic game system that goes over the process of besieging a bastion fort to interactively display our information to the audience.