Bao-Shiang Lee; University of Illinois at Chicago
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins | Chemicals and Drugs | Medicine and Health Sciences
Stimulated by the interest in developing gold compounds for treating cancer, gold ion– angiotensin peptide interactions are investigated by mass spectrometry. Under the experimental conditions used, the majority of gold ion–angiotensin peptide complexes contain gold in the oxidation states I and III. Both ESI-MS and MALDI-TOF MS detect singly/multiply charged ions for mononuclear/multinuclear gold-attached peptides, which are represented as [peptide+a Au (I)+b Au(III)+(e - a -3b) H]e+, where a,b≥0 and e is charge. ESI-MS data shows singly/multiply charged ions of Au(I)-peptide and Au(III)-peptide complexes. This study reveals that MALDITOF MS mainly detects singly charged Au(I)-peptide complexes, presumably due to the ionization process. The electrons in the MALDI plume seem to efficiently reduce Au(III) to Au(I). MALDI also tends to enhance the higher polymeric forms of gold-peptide complexes regardless of the laser power used. Collision-induced dissociation experiments of the mononuclear and dinuclear gold-attached peptide ions for angiotensin peptides show that the gold ion (a soft acid) binding sites are in the vicinity of Cys (a soft ligand), His (a major anchor of peptide for metal ion chelation), and the basic residue Arg. Data also suggests that the abundance of gold-attached peptides increases with higher gold concentration until saturation, after which an increase in gold ion concentration leads to the aggregation and/or precipitation of gold-bound peptides.
Lee, J., Jayathilaka, L. P., Gupta, S., Huang, J.-S., & Lee, B.-S. (2012). Gold ion–angiotensin peptide interaction by mass spectrometry. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 23, 942–951. doi:10.1007/s13361-011-0328-0