James Arthur Lovell, Jr. was born on March 25, 1928, in Cleveland, Ohio. Lovell attended the University of Wisconsin for two years and then entered the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. In 1952 he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree.
Following graduation from Annapolis, Lovell received flight training and served at at number of Navy stations until entering the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland, in 1958. He was serving as a safety engineer for Fighter Squadron 101 at the Naval Air Station in Oceana, Virginia, when he was selected by NASA in September 1962.
Lovell was the first astronaut to make four space flights. In 1965 he was the pilot of Gemini 7. On this mission he spent fourteen days in space, which was a record at the time. Then, in 1968, Lovell became the command module pilot of Apollo 8, man's first flight around the moon.
Lovell, James, "A Successful Failure" (1995). James R. Thompson Leadership Lectures. 1.