Document Type

Teacher Resource

Publication Date

Fall 2019


When tragedy strikes, leaders must rise to meet the challenge. In recent years, the increasing threat of terrorism, natural disasters, and social challenges has furthered the development of new leadership theories. As people seek hope and security among turbulent times, the strength of a leader is often determined by the followers’ perception of their identity. Furthermore, cultural and technological advancements have enabled the rapid dissemination of information, thereby expanding the capability of leaders and social groups to spread their ideologies.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.